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Four Types of Higher-education Students

I have been visiting Hasanuddin University library for several days. I went there for some readings. I found this interesting topic.

The College Student and His Culture: An AnalysisThe College Student and His Culture: An Analysis, Editor: Yamamoto, Boston, USA. College Student Subcultures (David Gottlieb and Benjamin Hodgkins, University of Chicago).

The following is from an article in the Yamamoto book. It’s a research written by Gottlieb and Hodgkins (1962). Reading further on the research paper, I found my self most-closely matches with the one of the characteristic.

The primary importance of higher education is to furnish student with a broad education and an appreciation of ideas. Ideal college student is not only intellectually competent upon graduation, he is also vocationally and professionally trained as well as being socially adapt in meeting the demands of the outer world. Based from the value of their orientation, students are identified into four specific subcultures as follows.

Academic. These are students holding a value orientation closely similar to that of most collegiate sociocultural systems. They emphasize the “well-rounded” approach to education. Thus, while primary interest is on a broad education, vocational proficiency and social adeptness are considered desirable and are actively sought.

Vocational. These students, accepting the vocational goal with its emphasis on class attendance, study, and good rates, tend to withdraw from both intellectual pursuits and social activities offered by the institution. Being “job-oriented”, the non-applied aspects of academic life will appeal little to them.

Collegiate. These students within this subculture value highly the ability to get along and manipulate with other people. Their value orientation is such that, besides enjoying social activities, they perceive of them as indispensable for their later success in life. Accordingly, the intellectual and vocational aspects of academic life tend to be minimized.

Nonconformist. The students of this subculture are, in a sense, unique for while coming closest to an intellectual value orientation traditionally associated with academic life, they reject the vocational or social phase of it, and further they tend to reject the prescribed means for attaining their intellectual goal. They are intellectually curious, but undisciplined in their approach,as far as conformity to the prescribed “balanced” approach to college is concerned.

If you want to know which type of student you are, please check this explanation below. Here is the explanation:

Type “X” (Nonconformist). This person is interested in learning about life in general, but in manner of his own choosing. He is very interested in the world of ideas and books, and eagerly seeks out these things. Outside the classroom, this person would attend such the lecture-concert series, Provost lectures, foreign films, and so forth. This person wants to go beyond the mere course requirement and will frequently do extra reading in order to obtain a more complete understanding of the world in which he lives. From a social point of view, this person tends to reject fraternities, sororities, and the social events that are a part of campus life. When this person does join, it will usually be one of the political or more academic campus organizations. For the most part, this person would consider himself as primarily motivated by intellectual curiosity.

Type “W” (Vocational). This kind of person is interested in education, but primarily to the point of preparation for his occupational future. He is not particularly interested in the social life or purely intellectual phases of campus life, although he might participate in these activities in some limited basis. This person does his homework so that grades can be maintained, but otherwise restricts his reading to the light, general entertainment variety. For the most part, this person’s primary reason for being in college is to obtain vocational or occupational training.

Type “Y” (Academic). This person is in many respects like Type X noted above. He is concerned with books and the pursuit of knowledge, but is also the kind of a person who does not cut himself off the more social phases of campus life. He is interested in getting good grades and usually tries to maintain a fairly high grade-point average. He is the kind of person who will work with student government, the campus U.N., and activities of this type. He is the kind of person who feels that the social side of college life is not the most important but is certainly significant for his general development.

Type “Z” (Collegiate). This is the kind of person who is very much concerned with the social phases of college life. He identifies closely with the college and tries to attend as many of the campus social and athletic events as possible. This person may be interested in intellectual kinds of things but will, for the most part, find greater satisfaction in parties, dances, football games, and so forth. He is concerned about his education but feels that the development of social skills is certainly important. His college years are centered about fraternity and sorority activities event tough he might not be a member. This person attempts to “make grades” but will rarely go out of his way to do extra or unassigned reading.

Nonconformist and academic tend would plan on graduate school and they anticipate engaging ultimately in work for a humanitarian. In terms of their academic performance we would expect the subcultures to rank as follows: nonconformist, academic, vocational, and collegiate. The rationale for doing so is that nonconformist, by definition, are the intellectually curious and, we suspect, find books and learning most enjoyable, even if they are not systematic in their studies.

I think I most-closely match with the Type-X student. A nonconformist student. I like to take various reading topics. I am not sure about the last paragraph, that nonconformist student are the most successful in academic performance because I have not really made it. Yes, maybe, because my study is not really personally systematic/carefully managed, or most probably because I take too many non-Accounting readings! To add to my objection, I believe in fraternity.

IMG_20130128_034353STAN front side

This is a good discovery. I found a label that mostly matches with my characteristic, a nonconformist.  This give a little clue on why many times I feel different compared to most students. I am glad, that in other parts of the world, student like me with peculiar interesting and curiosity, they exist too. We see the world in different way.

I quote a poet from Fitt:

Upside-down trees swingin' free,
Busses float and buildings dangle
Now and then it's nice to see
The world-from a different angle

I think this information is really good. Given a new perspective of types of students, I think it can be better if we become a mixture of all the goodness of each type of students. Maybe. It will make a “AA” student or the best oriented student. Knowing our weakness in study, we should fix it up.

Good luck with your study. Salam :)

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